For the first time in his career, Vladimir Kramnik obtained the coveted trophy at the Chess World Cup. Therefore,
we will take a look at the professional development of the world’s 3rd best chess player, according to the FIDE World Rankings. The Russian grandmaster is a former world champion and has celebrated many triumphs ever since.
The first years in Kramnik’s career
On June 25th 1975, Vladimir Borissovitsch Kramnik was born in Tuapse, close to the Black Sea. At only four years old, his parents who originate from the region Krasnodar taught him how to play chess. Another four years later, the young chess talent won the Adult Chess Championship of Tuapse. As an eleven year-old boy, he obtained the master candidate title. Kramnik participated in the first international event in Aguadilla in 1989 when he competed at the U14 Youth World Championship. At this tournament in Puerto Rico he won the silver medal and ranked immediately behind Vesselin Topalov. Later on, he triumphed at the U18 Youth World Championship in Brazil and became World Champion with the Russian Students team when he was 16 years old. He played the first and second set and won both duels. The real breakthrough followed in 1992 with victories in Dortmund, Gausdal, Chalkidiki, and in Manila at the 30th Chess Olympics at which he scored 8.5 points out of 9 matches. Kramnik won team gold as well as individual gold.
World Champion in 2000
As a member of the Russian national team, Vladimir Kramnik won the European Team Championship in 1992 with 6.0 points out of 7 rounds. That very year, he received the grandmaster title from the FIDE World Chess Federation. While the following years were marked with many setbacks, there were a few major tournament victories in Dortmund, Belgrade, Dos Hermanas, Moscow, Linares, and Wijk aan Zee. His chess career reached its peak in 2000, when Kramnik obtained the 13th Classical World Championship in London. Kramnik remained undefeated throughout the entire duel against his fellow countryman Garri Kasparov at won at 8.5:6.5 points. The match consisted of two victories to Kramnik’s favor and thirteen draws.
Anand takes over championship title in 2007
After numerous tournament victories, the defence of the world championship title followed. Vladimir Kramnik fought against Peter Leko who, in the end, was defeated narrowly. After ten draws, both players were able to win two duels which allowed Kramnik at 7:7 points successfully defend his championship title. The next year, Kramnik had to deal with many major defeats and had to take a break from playing chess in the first half of 2006, as he suffers from rheumatism. After further tournament victories, a reunion in matters of the Chess World Championship was scheduled in October 2006, when Vladimir Kramnik had to face the FIDE World Champion Vesselin Topalov. During the partially scandalous match, Kramnik was accused of manipulation by the counterpart, but still prevailed in a tie-break (2.5:1.5) after a score of 6:6 points in the regular matches. In 2007, Kramnik lost his championship title to the world’s number 1 Visvanathan Anand in the robin tournament. The year after that, he also lost the return match in Bonn. In the past years, Vladimir Kramnik has obtained many more victories at events such as the Dortmund Chess Days, the Tal Memorial in Moscow, Zurich, London, Bilbao, Baku, and lastly the Chess World Cup 2013.
Vladimir Borissovitsch Kramnik
Picture: wikipedia.de/ steenslag
written by Michael, translated by Birthe