It is fiercely debated which opening variation leads to success most efficiently. Basically, three different playing styles are distinguished.
The Open Game
The duel is opened with the combination of 1. e4 e5.Risky variation that leads to sacrifice when mistakes are being made.Examples: Italian, Spanish
The Half-Open Game
Opening move is again 1. e4, which Black follows with a move other than e5.Calm playing style.Examples: Sicilian, French
All openings that do not include e4 as the first move.
Few tactical elements, playing with few losses.
Examples: Queen’s Gambit, Larsen-System
Players should always be aware of their personal strengths and weaknesses when it comes to finding the proper opening strategy for their chess duels. It may be helpful to analyze previous games and to ask for external feedback. Hereby, they should always ask themselves whether the own strength is related to situational and precise calculation or to the long-term planning (tactician or strategist?). Does one prefer the offensive, risk-seeking, and aggressive style or the main emphasis of the game the defending and minimizing risk? Are the particularities of the chessmen played out at its best or does the handling of pawns turn out optimal?
Regardless of the player-specific characteristics, there are a few tips and tricks that all chess players should consider, as they can be used for any opening variations.
1. Minimize the number of moves until full development
A positioning is only fully developed when the King has been castled and there is no figure left between the two Rooks.
2. Move the central pawns first (covering King or Queen)
Therefore you will be able to proceed with your Bishop later on.
3. Develop your minor pieces first
Ideal order is always Knight before Bishop. Pay respect to the Knight that are often in unfavorable positions at the edge of the board.
4. Control the center
The cetral squares d4 / e7 / d5 / e5 (not necessarily pawns) are to be taken, as they grant benefits from better overall positioning.
5. Activate all your chess pieces
Enables you to take advantage of your opponent’s weaknesses and increases your chances t checkmate the opposite King in many ways.
6. Protect your King
As the central pawns usually move foward, it is important for you to protect your King through castling.
7. Hamper your competitor
The opponent is supposed to have a hard time developing the positions of his or her figures (hinder castling for example).
8. Know your goals
Think about the most auspicious square on the board for each your chessmen and try reaching them in one move.
9. Limit yourself to few pawn moves
One to three pawns are ideal in the opening stage.
10. Keep a trump up your sleeve
Keep an eye on holding back your Queen for a while. Don’t bring this particular figure into the game too early.
written by Sarah, translated by Birthe